akbar's administrative system

27 grudnia 2020 - Less than a minute read

In 1573, just after returning from Gujarat expedition, Akbar paid personal attention to the land revenue system. The Mughal army was divided into three types. Administrative Units. For efficient military administration he introduced a new system known as the Mansabdari System. By abolishing the jagirdari system, the mansabdari system was introduced. 8. Land Revenue Administration. Officials called … Akbar introduced several changes in this system. Pragmatic approach: Akbar was an imperialist. Military Administration: Akbar paid much attention towards the organization, equipment and discipline of the army. Akbar’s Hindu wives also contributed to the change of his outlook. Akbar’s desire to work independently: Akbar wanted to free himself from the orthodoxy of the Muslim priestly class. The Military administration or the Mansabdari system was the backbone of the Mughal Empire which started in its crude form from Zahir-ud-din Babur till its refined form in the reign of Akbar. Meaning of the Mansabdari System: The ‘Mansab’ is an Arabic word meaning rank or position or status of a person. Nature of Mughal Administration (Central Government) – The Mughal rule was a central system based on military power, which was based on control and balance. Akbar hardly brought any changes in the organization of local government. Akbar’s contact with Rajput’s: Akbar’s contact with the Rajput’s made him liberal. The city administration was run by a Kotwal, whereas the village was administered by the local villagers. Emperor Akbar’s administration system was built on systematic imperial policies which survived several generations. Akbar did not compel anyone to join his new religion. The Administrative System of Akbar holds a significant place in Indian History. 6. However, the new religion proved to be a failure, after Akbar’s death. The term mansab literally … Akbar's dahsala system (also known as zabti) is credited to Raja Todar Mal, who also served as a revenue officer under Sher Shah Suri, and the structure of the revenue administration was set out by the latter in a detailed memorandum submitted to the emperor in 1582–83. Akbar, in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar, (born October 15?, 1542, Umarkot [now in Sindh province, Pakistan]—died c. October 25, 1605, Agra, India), the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. With the help of Raja Todar Mal, Akbar experimented on the land revenue administration, which was completed in 1580. The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and revenue system. 7. The wide and sweeping conquests of Mughal emperor Akbar are … It proved quite effective. In other words, it was an Arabic-Persian method in the Indian background. 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